Leuconoid + Syconoid
The syconoid is a type of sponge that consists of a series of pleated folds on its exterior walls to allow for fluid flows into its main body. This bio-mimetic module performs a similar function of capturing airflow through convective buoyancy from its base, and capturing the humidity from the airflow across the underside of the top of each module due to moisture stratification. These modules allow for natural ventilation into interior spaces, and also serve as indirect daylighting apertures. The modules are composed of cast glass, and incorporate translucent hydrogel interior lining, and can be integrated within an insulated wall system.
The leuconoid is the largest and most complex of sponge species. The complexity exists in its numerous canals to allow for fluid flows throughout and across its surface area. This design takes advantage of maximizing surface area exposure of hydrophilic polymer skins linked to a capillary network for fluid condensation flows. The maximization of surface area allows or effective humidity sorption as air passes through and around the complex interwoven configuration.